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Molecular basis of ion translocation in sodium/proton antiporters

Molecular basis of ion translocation in sodium/proton antiporters

We studied the process of sodium/proton antiport in the NapA transporter. Through a combination of X-ray crystallography, biochemistry and computer simulations we could show that the antiporter undergoes a large conformational transition that resembles a *elevator*-like movement whereby a single domain moves up- and down through the membrane and carries a sodium ion with it.

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Crystal structure of the sodium-proton antiporter NhaA dimer and new mechanistic insights

Crystal structure of the sodium-proton antiporter NhaA dimer and new mechanistic insights

A new crystal structure of the Escherichia coli NhaA dimer reveals a previously unidentified salt bridge between two highly conserved residues at the putative binding site. The combination of structural data with molecular dynamics simulations yields new insights into the transport mechanism.

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Molecular mechanism of ligand recognition by the Mhp1 transporter

Molecular mechanism of ligand recognition by the Mhp1 transporter

The hydantoin transporter Mhp1 is a sodium?coupled secondary active transport protein of the nucleobase?cation?symport family and shares the widespread 5?helix inverted repeat transporter architecture. Our previous work showed Mhp1 functions according to the alternating access mechanism. In our new paper in EMBO J , we elucidate detailed events of substrate binding, through a combination of crystallography, molecular dynamics, site?directed mutagenesis, biochemical/biophysical assays, and the design and synthesis of novel ligands.

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